Vol. 48, Issue 3, pp. 349-359

Vol. 48 Issue 3 pp. 349-359

Defect solitons supported by kagome photonic lattices in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals

Juanli Hui, Keqing Lu, Chong Zhao, Lixu Gao, Weijun Chen

Keywords

defect solitons, photonic lattices, photorefractive nonlinearity, nonlinear optics

Abstract

We report that defect solitons can be supported by kagome photonic lattices with a defect in biased photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals. For a positive defect, these defect solitons exist only in the semi-infinite bandgap and are stable in the low power region but unstable in the high power region. For a negative defect, these defect solitons exist in both of the semi-infinite bandgaps and the first bandgap. In the semi-infinite bandgap, low-power defect solitons are stable when the negative defect depth is low and unstable when the negative defect depth is high, moderate-power defect solitons are stable when the negative defect depth is high, and high-power defect solitons are unstable for all the negative defect depths. In the first bandgap, defect solitons are stable in all the power regions when the negative defect depth is low. When the negative defect depth is high, defect solitons are stable in the high power region and unstable in the low power region. On the other hand, these defect solitons are those studied previously in kagome photonic lattices with a defect in biased non-photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals when the bulk photovoltaic effect is negligible and those in kagome photonic lattices with a defect in photovoltaic-photorefractive crystals when the external bias field is absent.

Vol. 48
Issue 3
Article No: 02
pp. 349-359

0.68 MB
OPTICA APPLICATA - a quarterly of the Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology, Wrocław University of Science and Technology