Vol. 50, Issue 2, pp. 229-240
tight focusing, radially polarized, circular partially coherent, optical needle, dark channel
We theoretically investigate the tight focusing of radially polarized circular partially coherent (RPCPC) beams through a high numerical aperture objective. The sub-wavelength super-long optical needle and dark channel can be obtained near the focus, by engineering the source coherent length of the incident RPCPC beams. The length of the optical needle and the dark channel can be adjusted, and the obtained maximal lengths of the optical needle and the dark channel are both 22λ. The full width at half maximum of the optical needle and the dark channel are 0.6λ and 0.48λ, respectively.