Vol. 52, Issue 2, pp. 283-295

Vol. 52 Issue 2 pp. 283-295

Asymmetric double image encryption, compression and watermarking scheme based on orthogonal-triangular decomposition with column pivoting

Savita Anjana, Pankaj Rakheja, Ak Yadav, Phool Singh, Hukum Singh


QR decomposition, Fresnel transform, sparse matrix, asymmetric cryptosystem


A novel asymmetric scheme for double image encryption, compression and watermarking based on QR decomposition in the Fresnel domain has been presented. The QR decomposition provides a permutation matrix as a ciphertext and the product of orthogonal and triangular matrix as a key. The ciphertext obtained through this process is a sparse matrix that is compressed by the CSR method to give compressed encrypted data, which, when combined with a host image, gives a watermarked image. Thus, a cryptosystem that involves compression and watermarking is proposed. The proposed scheme is validated for grayscale images. To check the efficacy of the proposed scheme, histograms, statistical parameters, and key sensitivity are analyzed. The scheme is also tested against various attacks. Numerical simulations are performed to validate the security of the scheme.

Vol. 52
Issue 2
pp. 283-295

1.09 MB
OPTICA APPLICATA - a quarterly of the Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology