Vol. 52, Issue 4, pp. 639-654

Vol. 52 Issue 4 pp. 639-654

Properties of an electromagnetic twisted Gaussian Schell-model array beam propagating in anisotropic atmosphere turbulence

Xianyang Yang, Wenyu Fu, Xuehua Hu, Xue Li


partially coherent, array beams, twist phase, anisotropic atmosphere turbulence, propagation properties


The effect of anisotropic atmosphere turbulence on propagation characteristics of an electromagnetic twisted Gaussian Schell-model array (EM TGSMA) beam is investigated. An analytical expression for the cross-spectral density function of such beam propagating through anisotropic turbulent atmosphere is derived and used to explore the evolutionary behavior of the spectral intensity, degree of polarization (DOP) and degree of coherence (DOC). An example illustrates the fact that twisted strength and anisotropic turbulent factors have an important impact on the behavior of spectral density, DOC and DOP, in particular. The rotation angle of the array beams can also be controlled by adjusting twisted strength. Furthermore, strong anisotropic turbulence was also found to cause significant mergence of the array beams. Our results might be beneficial for free-space communications of the partially coherent beams endowed with twist.

Vol. 52
Issue 4
pp. 639-654

4.11 MB
OPTICA APPLICATA - a quarterly of the Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology